Umoja means unity in Swahili. Karenga defines this on his Kwanzaa website as: "To strive for and maintain unity in the family, community, nation and race."
Or self-determination. This principle refers to defining, naming, creating and speaking for oneself.
Translated as "collective work and responsibility," ujima refers to uplifting your community. "To build and maintain our community together and make our brother's and sister's problems our problems and to solve them together," Karenga writes.
Cooperative economics. Similar to ujima, this principle refers to uplifting your community economically. "To build and maintain our own stores, shops and other businesses and to profit from them together," he writes.
Nia means purpose. Karenga expands on this principle with, "To make our collective vocation the building and developing of our community in order to restore our people to their traditional greatness."
Meaning "creativity," Karenga defines this principle as "To do always as much as we can, in the way we can, in order to leave our community more beautiful and beneficial than we inherited it."
The final principle translates to "faith." Karenga defines this as faith in community, writing, "To believe with all our heart in our people, our parents, our teachers, our leaders and the righteousness and victory of our struggle."
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